Periodontal Disease, North Dallas TX
What is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease, once called pyorrhea, is a chronic infection. This infection is engendered by a very sophisticated biofilm that most people call dental plaque. If your teeth are perfectly clean, within a few seconds relatively benign bacteria attach to the teeth. Over the next 24 hours successively more aggressive bacteria attach. If the plaque stays in contact with the gum tissue more than 24 hours it creates an infection called gingivitis. Bleeding seen after cleaning is a sign of gingivitis but is infrequently present.
If the infection stays in the gum for long enough, it spreads to the bone that supports the teeth and causes their destruction. If enough bone is destroyed the teeth are lost. The early stages of bone loss occur without any dental symptoms and can only be found by close examination using a device called a periodontal probe.
As the bacterial front continues underneath the gum, some of the bacterial calcify and attach to the root surface. This material is dental calculus, also called tartar. Tartar is analogous to having dirt in a wound. If the dirt is not removed the wound will not heal. To control the disease process and allow possible regrowth and reattachment of bone this tartar must be removed. In years past this required an aggressive type of gum surgery. Advances in the last few years have allowed us to use devices that can see below the gum tissue. This allows us to remove tartar using minimally invasive procedures, which yield positive results with minor postoperative problems in most cases. Once health is established, consistent oral hygiene on the part of the patient along with regular professional cleanings can keep the disease process under control.
Contact us at Dallas Office Phone Number 214-691-2404 for more information.